Mustangs and other horses also contributed to the county`s new prosperity; In 1871, there were 34,077 horses and mules in the county. But the biggest competition for the beef industry came from sheep farming. Before the forks expanded, Nueces County was an important centre for wool production. During the last antebellum period, the number of sheep had been relatively small, with about 35,000 reported in 1860. In 1871 there were 363,835 sheep, in 1876 the number of sheep exceeded 650,000. In 1875 and 1876, the assessed value of sheep in the county exceeded even the value of cattle. The decline in wool prices in the 1880s and the appearance of fences eventually led to a decline in the sheep industry. But for a number of years between the mid-1870s and the early 1880s, Nueces County led all Texas counties in sheep and cattle numbers. In addition, up to $500,000 would be donated to the county`s reserve fund, which would support the county`s goal of increasing this amount to allay rating agencies` concerns. The Landkreis had come to the buttocks last year, after the rating agencies had expressed doubts that the Landkreis` reserves remained below a self-imposed level of 25 per cent (the fund is now about 22 per cent). The war and its consequences also had a less severe impact on the county`s economy than in much of Texas. Land prices fell significantly, from fifty cents per hectare in 1860 to 28 cents per hectare in 1869. But the boom in the cattle industry in the early 1870s helped Nueces County overcome the post-war economic depression.

In 1871, local order rolls had 218,969 cattle valued at more than $942,000, more than four times as many as in 1860. The cattle were marketed on two main routes: on the waters of New Orleans and Havana, or on land to Kansas, where they were shipped by train to the east. In the early 1870s, a dozen meat packing companies were operating in Nueces County, but most were closed until the middle of the decade because the farms proved more profitable. Since the First World War, Nueces County has recorded a significant increase in its population from 22,807 in 1920 to 165,471 in 1950 and 237,544 in 1970. In 2014, the county`s population was declared 356,221. About 31.4% were Anglo, 4.4 percent African-American and 62 percent Hispanic. The largest cities were Corpus Christi (317,004 inhabitants), Robstown (11,730), Port Aransas (3,772) and North San Pedro (906). In the early 1980s, the county had thirteen school districts with 60 elementary schools, 20 colleges and 15 high schools, as well as six special schools.

In the 1920s, agricultural mechanization began in the county. Tractors and other machinery appeared in increasing numbers, and on the eve of World War II, farms in Nueces County were among the state`s mechanized. The beginning of the Great Depression, the fall in cotton prices and the arrival of the weevil brought new difficulties for the peasants of the counties. Many were forced to move to cities. The total number of farms in the county increased from a peak of 1,969 in 1930 to 1,306 in 1950. Cotton production, which peaked in the mid-1920s with more than 100,000 bales per year, declined significantly in the 1930s and early 1940s. In 1945, only 46,000 bullets were tripped. Cotton production recovered in the late 1940s and in 1949 production again exceeded 100,000 bales.

Since then, cotton production has declined, although it continues to support a significant share of the county`s agricultural revenues. Heavy-duty agriculture flourished in the 1950s, but was then increasingly replaced by sorghum, which was the county`s largest crop in the 1980s and 1990s. The decline of cotton and trucking agriculture after World War II also forced many tenants to leave the country or rent as agricultural workers. In the 1980s, the county`s economic base, outside Corpus Christi, was still essentially agri-farm

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